Beta Alanine is a naturally occurring non-essential amino acid that boosts Carnosine synthesis in the body.
Carnosine in muscles is vital to trainers that want to get the most out of their workouts and is therefore popular for its role in boosting energy levels for strength and endurance training for intense workouts whilst reducing fatigue.
The Ultimate Guide to Beta-Alanine and Its Benefits
Beta-alanine is a popular product from our Australian online supplements range. If are not familiar with beta-alanine yet, then now it is the time to get acquainted! Beta-alanine is not only a popular supplement; it is also one of the most powerful supplements within the Australian online supplements range. To find out more about this outstanding supplement, please read our information below.
What Is Beta-Alanine?
Beta-alanine from our range of Australian online supplements can be described as a natural amino acid. It is a common component in substances such as carnosine and anserine, which belong under the category of the amino acid histidine.
When scientists examined the structure of beta-alanine, they quickly noticed that the structure of the substance could be described as a mix of potent neurotransmitters, more specifically L-glycine and GABA. Because of the similar structure, scientists believe that this could explain the caffeine-like response many athletes get after the use of this supplement from our Australian online supplements range.
Where Does Beta-Alanine Come From?
Beta-alanine is a substance that can be obtained in three different ways. The first source of beta-alanine is one of the amino acids commonly found in protein powder – histidine. When histidine dipeptides are broken down into carnosine and anserine, beta-alanine is a by-product.
Protein powder is not necessarily the main source for histidine, because this amino acid can be made by the body itself. However, studies have shown that the histidine requirements of athletes are often not met, simply because the body cannot produce the amino acid fast enough. Therefore, it is common for athletes to use one of our Australian online supplements or a specific protein powder to increase the levels of histidine in their system.
A protein powder is not the only thing that can cause a reaction in the human body to create beta-alanine, since beta-alanine can be a by-product of a specific reactions converting L-alanine into pyruvate. However, the amount of beta-alanine created during this reaction is often not enough for athletes subjected to rigorous exercise, which is why a protein powder supplement is still needed.
Finally, beta-alanine can also be created during the digestion process. When intestinal bacteria remove one carbon atom from the substance L-aspartate, the reaction releases two substances, more specifically beta-alanine and carbon dioxide.
What Happens When I Use a Beta-Alanine Supplement?
After an athlete used a supplement containing beta-alanine, the substance is transported in the bloodstream to the skeletal muscle; this with the help of a specific beta-alanine and taurine transporter. However, the transport of beta-alanine does depend on the availability of two other substances, sodium and chloride.
Once beta-alanine reaches the skeletal muscle, it will form a bond with an essential amino acid called L-histidine. The connection between these two substances forms an entirely new substance called dipeptide carnosine and it is this substance that is important for muscle growth.
How Does Beta-Alanine Affect Muscle Growth?
The benefits of beta-alanine are closely related to the levels of carnosine in the muscle, since beta-alanine forms a connection with another substance to create dipeptide carnosine. Studies have shown that test subjects using beta-alanine showed higher levels of muscle carnosine, more specifically an increase of 58% over four weeks and 80% in ten weeks.
So, what does this carnosine do in the human body? Carnosine is a peptide, which defends the muscle against hydrogen ion build-up. Hydrogen ions tend to accumulate during rigorous exercise, but have a negative effect on the human body when their levels get too high.
An increase in hydrogen ions can lower the PH value within the muscle cells. The lower PH value has a direct negative effect on enzyme functioning and muscle contraction. In simple terms, if the levels of hydrogen in the muscle get too high, the athlete in question will suffer from muscle fatigue and will not get most out of his training.
The levels of carnosine in the muscle have also shown a connection to specific muscle fibres called type II fast-twitch muscle fibres. Therefore, it is no surprise that higher levels of muscle carnosine are common found amongst bodybuilders, wrestlers and even sprinters.
We do need to mention that the levels of carnosine in the muscle tends to be higher in men than in women. While scientists have not come across a definite explanation for this phenomenon, many believe that the lower levels of carnosine can be explained by a higher level of specific enzymes that break down carnosine.
Can I Obtain Beta-Alanine from Foods as Well?
Supplements are a popular source for beta-alanine, since supplements are the only products that can provide athletes with a high concentration of the substance. However, athletes can obtain beta-alanine from foods as well, although in smaller amounts.
Unfortunately for vegetarians, it seems that carnosine in the muscles is connected to meat consumption. A study showed that test subjects showed a significantly lower amount of carnosine in the muscles after following a vegetarian diet for five weeks. For that reason, athletes following a vegetarian diet may need to count on supplements to provide the beta-alanine they need for muscle growth.
Which Athletes Can Benefit the Most from Beta-Alanine?
Beta-alanine is a supplement that seems most effective for athletes doing rigorous exercise for a prolonged period. Therefore, we would recommend the use of beta-alanine for high-intensity training for a short or medium duration.
Beta-alanine has numerous applications for athletes, so many athletes will be able to benefit from the supplement. It is one of the most effective sports-enhancing supplements to date since the release of creatine, so it should be a supplement every athlete has in their arsenal.
While beta-alanine is incredibly effective already, nutrient manufacturers may need a little more time to refine the formula for the supplement even more. In time, many believe beta-alanine will not only be just as effective as creatine, but even more effective. Only time will tell if beta-alanine will beat creatine supplements off the market.
Serving size: 1.2g
Servings per package: 250g – 208, 1kg - 833, 2kg - 1666
Average Quantity Per Serving
|Average Quantity Per 100g|
|Energy||0 kJ||0 kJ|
|(0 Cal)||(0 Cal)|
|Protein (dry basis)||0.0 g||0.0 g|
|Fat, total||0.0 g||0.0 g|
|- Saturated||0.0 g||0.0 g|
|Carbohydrate||0.0 g||0.0 g|
|- Sugars||0.0 g||0.0 g|
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|Beta Alanine||1.2 mg||100.0 mg|
Ingredients: 100% pharmaceutical grade Beta Alanine.
May contain traces of milk, soybeans, cereals containing gluten, tree nuts, sesame seeds and their products.
Formulated Supplementary Sports Food.
This product is not a sole source of nutrition and should be consumed in conjunction with a nutritious diet and an appropriate physical training or exercise program.
Not suitable for children under 15 years of age or pregnant women. Should only be used under medical or dietetic supervision.
Made in Australia from local and imported ingredients.
As a dietary supplement consume 2g (1/2 teaspoon) with your preferred amount of water or fruit juice twice daily.
Beta Alanine should be taken in 4-6 week cycles with a 2 week period of non-use between cycles.
100% pharmaceutical grade Beta Alanine.
A common side effect of Beta Alanine experienced upon first use is a feeling of itchiness/tingling of the skin particularly in the hands and face (known as paresthesia). This short tingling sensation is common in many first time users and is not harmful.